A brand new evaluation launched by Birdlife Europe and the European Environmental Bureau finds that EU Member States are failing to make use of CAP funds to handle environmental degradation from intensive agriculture practices. This is available in time when Member States are placing last contact on their CAP strategic plans earlier than their submission for the approval by the European Fee.
In two new briefings on soil and grasslands conservation, nationwide agricultural specialists at Birdlife and the EEB analysed how eight and eleven respective EU Member States deliberate to make use of CAP funds to guard and handle grasslands and to make sure and safeguard soil well being on EU farms.
The briefings discover that they insufficiently achieve this. CAP plans for 2023-2027 fail to adequately shield and sustainably handle invaluable grasslands and present too little ambition to safeguard EU soils. The findings are at odds with the EU Inexperienced Deal’s ambitions for its Farm to Fork and Biodiversity Methods.
This enhances findings of earlier Birdlife and EEB briefings that discover the draft CAP strategic plans are unlikely to succeed in the ten% biodiversity goal set by the EU Biodiversity Technique. The plans fail to sufficiently shield wetlands and peatlands and thereby to safeguard the preservation of carbon-rich soils.
Corn Bunting, copyright Glyn Sellors, from the surfbirds galleries
Clearly, there’s room for enchancment. The European Fee has despatched out its Remark Letters to Member States, stating gaps and calling for greater environmental and local weather ambitions.
“Vested pursuits are arguing that with the battle in Ukraine going down, the EU ought to take a step again from its ambitions for the setting and local weather, in any other case it could face world meals shortages. However that argument couldn’t be additional away from the reality. Science clearly states that wholesome ecosystems are our greatest allies to safeguard our meals programs. Sadly, our assessments present that new CAP strategic plans will fail to guard pure assets and assist the continuation of damaging insurance policies. Farm Ministers ought to cease playing with our future and severely put money into defending our planet and the ecosystems our meals manufacturing depends on.”- Marilda Dhaskali, EU Agriculture Coverage Officer, BirdLife Europe
“Final week, the European Parliament celebrated the sixtieth anniversary of CAP – one of many oldest, most generously funded and but most controversial EU insurance policies. The content material and ambition of the brand new era of CAP strategic plans will likely be a litmus take a look at of whether or not this coverage will nonetheless have any legitimacy sooner or later.”- Célia Nyssens, Senior Coverage Officer for Agriculture and Meals Programs, EEB
Environmental ambitions set by the European Inexperienced Deal are integral to addressing biodiversity loss and local weather change. Nevertheless, these targets cannot be met if present draft CAP plans that damage the setting are authorised. The sequence of thematic briefings revealed by Birdlife Europe and the EEB verify that the European Fee should push for stronger CAP strategic plans that align with the Inexperienced Deal targets.
Key findings from the thematic briefings:
- Grasslands within the new CAP (June 2022) : unhealthy information for biodiversity and local weather:
New CAP conditionality leaves massive areas of grasslands unprotected, together with probably the most invaluable ones. Even when protected, most grasslands are poorly managed. Administration schemes which have potential to assist sustainable administration and shield biodiversity are underfunded, whereas most funds nonetheless assist intensification. Measures that may encourage discount of livestock are lacking.
- Soil and carbon farming within the new CAP: alarming lack of motion and ambition (June 2022): Draft CAP Strategic Plans fail to sufficiently shield EU soils and thereby fail to stop additional soil degradation and lack of soil natural matter. The conditionality necessities related to soils (GAEC 5, 6 and seven) are carried out too weakly by Member States to scale back soil threats and decelerate soil degradation.
- Area for nature on farms within the new CAP: not on this spherical (April 2022):
The evaluation reveals that the draft CAP strategic plans are unlikely to adequately contribute to reaching the ten% biodiversity goal.The explanations embody: low obligatory baseline, use of exemptions and weighting components that inflate the actual space. The ambition to assist non-productive parts by voluntary schemes measured by indicator R.34 is blatantly insufficient and/or in lots of circumstances the world is overestimated. The BirdLife-EEB evaluation on area for nature on farmlands is offered right here.
- Peatlands and wetlands within the new CAP: too little motion to guard and restore (April 2022)
Draft CAP Strategic Plans at the moment fail to sufficiently shield wetlands and peatlands and thereby to safeguard the preservation of carbon wealthy soils. Sadly, GAEC 2 is carried out weakly by Member States and in some circumstances even delayed, thereby contributing to the harmful establishment of peatland drainage and intensive use for agriculture.The BirdLife-EEB evaluation on peatlands and wetlands is offered right here.