22 Kinds of MICE and RATS Present in the US!


Did you discover a mouse or a rat in the US?


First, I hope it was exterior and NOT in your home. 🙂


Second, I’m guessing you’re right here to try to determine the proper species. Fortunately, you’ve come to the correct place! I’ve compiled an inventory of the most typical mice and rats that reside in the US, with photographs and vary maps to assist discover the one you’re .


Sadly, mice and rats might be onerous to determine. First, many species look related to one another. As well as, resulting from their shy nature and small dimension, it may be onerous to get an excellent look. You could wish to contemplate buying the e book beneath when you want further assist with rodent identification.

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Listed here are 22 COMMON Mice and Rats Discovered In the US!

#1. Brown Rat

common mice and rats in the united states

The Brown Rat is among the many most widespread rats in the US!


It goes by many names, together with the frequent rat, avenue rat, and sewer rat. You might also realize it as the grey rat or Norway rat. 


Apparently, the Brown Rat isn’t native to North America. As a substitute, it’s thought to have originated in China and Mongolia.


Search for Brown Rats anyplace individuals are dwelling, notably in city environments. They’re finest identified for dwelling in sewer tunnels and subway programs, scavenging meals from the trash.


Though many individuals discover rats off-putting, others hold a sub-species of Brown Rats as pets. This subspecies, known as the Fancy Rat, was bred particularly for the pet commerce. Moreover companion animals, rats might be educated for a lot of jobs to help people, like detecting gunpowder for forensic groups and offering remedy assist.


It’s a false impression that Brown Rats unfold bubonic plague. Genuinely, it’s extra generally unfold by way of floor squirrels! Regardless, Sadly, they’ll nonetheless transmit infections of many sorts although as their blood can carry a number of illnesses,


#2. Black Rat

types of mice and rats in the united states


The Black Rat is a naturalized species in North America. It’s considered native to India however was transported right here on cargo ships and has change into so widespread that it’s now not thought of a overseas species.


It’s thought of a pest within the agricultural market as a result of it feeds on all kinds of crops. Like different rodents, Black Rats can carry pathogens of their our bodies. Whereas they might not seem sick, they’ll unfold infections like toxoplasmosis, typhus, and bubonic plague.

In lots of areas the place the Black Rat was as soon as the dominant species, the Brown Rat has taken over. Black Rats are barely smaller and reproduce much less usually, that are two of the explanations this species isn’t as widespread as Brown Rats.


Black Rats go by many frequent names, akin to ship rat, roof rat, and home rat.


#3. Jap Meadow Vole (Discipline Mouse)

species of mice and rats in the united states


You in all probability know this species as a Discipline Mouse or Meadow Mouse, however it’s a vole, which is an identical sort of animal. The Jap Meadow Vole makes use of burrows for nesting, shelter, and relaxation. They create woven grass nests positioned within the burrows or underneath logs.


As their title suggests, they like grassland or open forest habitats. Like most mice in the US, the Discipline Mouse is a dietary generalist, which implies they’ll eat many several types of meals. Backyard vegetation, flowers, crops, and grasses are frequent meals sources.

Discipline Mice are an necessary meals supply for a lot of predators, together with birds of prey, snakes, and wild and domesticated cats.


Though they’re very simply acknowledged and a widely known species, the Discipline Mouse shouldn’t be generally present in properties. It prefers open area and grasses to eat, so it should ignore a populated space in favor of its most popular habitat.


#4. Home Mouse

kinds of mice and rats in the united states

Most mice in the US can reside round individuals, however few thrive in addition to the Home Mouse!


Should you image a small, mischievous cartoon mouse if you consider mice, then you definately’re in all probability aware of this species! Home Mice have the attribute giant ears, skinny tails, and tiny our bodies of a typical “mouse.” They do extremely effectively in extremely populated areas, and there at the moment are extra semi-tame populations than wild. These populations reside close to individuals and depend upon them for meals and shelter.

Home mice are the most typical species to search out inside your own home as a result of they’re so adaptable to human presence. They readily eat meals scraps, construct their nests in partitions or darkish attics and basements, and spend most of their time hidden from view. Actually, you’ve probably shared your own home with a Home Mouse not less than as soon as over time. Though most individuals would favor to not have them, they aren’t the worst roommates!


Like their consuming habits, they’re adaptable of their social habits. Populations of Home Mice which have an extra of meals, like people who reside in buildings, kind a hierarchy with leaders and followers. Nonetheless, within the wild, the place meals is much less plentiful, females aggressively defend their territory from each other.


#5. White-throated Woodrat


Search for White-throated Woodrats in deserts and pine forests, the place they make nests of plant materials and branches. Beneath their nests, they assemble shallow tunnels with “rooms” to retailer meals. They’re notably keen on shiny objects like CDs and tin foil, usually including shiny trash to their nesting website.


Like different rats in the US, their giant ears assist them hear and supply a pure option to regulate warmth throughout heat climate.

The standard food regimen of the White-throated Woodrat is generally prickly pear cactus, however they eat quite a lot of leaves, stems, and fruit from different vegetation. They don’t usually must drink water as a result of they get the hydration they want from their meals.


#6. Jap Woodrat


Jap Woodrats reside in swamps and forested areas and construct their nests in protected spots like the bottom of timber or boulders. They use numerous supplies to assemble their nests, together with sticks and branches, rocks, dry dung, tin cans, and even glass shards. This species isn’t choosy about constructing supplies!


They’re opportunistic feeders and generally eat plant matter, together with stems, roots, foliage, nuts, seeds, buds, and fruits.

Though they’re laid-back concerning what they eat and the place they reside, Jap Woodrats are extraordinarily territorial. Not like another rats in the US, this species will almost at all times defend its territory jealously. They solely change into social in the course of the breeding season.


#7. Desert Woodrat


The best option to determine the Desert Woodrat is to take a look at its ft! Though their coloring is extremely variable, their ft and undersides are at all times white.


Like many rats in the US, this species is a meals supply generalist and can eat any sort of plant matter obtainable. That is helpful for the Desert Woodrat, whose habitat usually has lengthy droughts.

Throughout particularly dry climate, Desert Woodrats change into territorial over water sources and can stop different species from accessing succulent vegetation or cacti of their territory.


#8. Allegheny Woodrat

Allegheny Woodrats are one of many largest rat species in the US!


This long-haired grey pack rat can weigh as much as a pound. They’re related in dimension and look to the Jap Grey Squirrel, so when you see a squirrel with no bushy tail, it could be an Allegheny Woodrat!

You’re more likely to identify an Allegheny Woodrat close to your chook feeders than you’re to see one in your house. Actually, they virtually by no means get shut sufficient to a home or constructing to be observed! They like to keep away from people and conceal within the woods.


The most typical predators of Allegheny woodrats are owls, foxes, raccoons, bobcats, and enormous snakes. Sadly, they’re additionally typically killed by people who confuse them with the Brown Rat, an invasive species extra intently related to city areas.


#9. Bushy-tailed Woodrat


Although not as furry as a squirrel’s, the tail of this woodrat is sort of bushy. So it’s straightforward to see how the Bushy-tailed Woodrat acquired its title!


This species is the unique “pack rat,” a time period that describes its fondness for shiny objects. They’ll usually drop meals or nesting materials in favor of cash, shiny steel, or foil! Search for Bushy-tailed Woodrats in forests, shrubland, and grasslands with boreal and temperate climates. They’re glorious climbers and infrequently spend time in timber, clinging to the bark with their sharp claws.

Like many rats in the US, these rodents use their robust tails for stability to help in leaping and climbing.


#10. Golden Mouse

Not like different mice in the US, Golden Mice are choosy eaters and virtually completely eat seeds.


The Golden Mouse is known as for its gentle fur, ranging in colour from a golden brown to burnt orange. Search for them in thick woodlands and swamps the place they conceal in vegetation. They’re particularly keen on crimson cedar and honeysuckle vegetation.


Their tails are prehensile, which implies they’re used as an additional appendage for stability, standing on two legs, and assist in climbing or working.


#11. Cactus Mouse


Search for Cactus Mice in deserts and dry mountain foothills. Their food regimen modifications all year long as completely different meals sources change into obtainable. For instance, within the spring, they primarily eat grasses and the flowering parts of vegetation, however they transition to a winter food regimen of principally bugs.


Though they’re shy and excitable when dealt with, they not often chunk. Due to their docile nature and clear dwelling atmosphere, they’re usually used as laboratory specimens.


Apparently, this species will enter a state of torpor, or dormancy, if they can’t discover sufficient meals. Some laboratory research discovered they might enter torpor in as little as half-hour if disadvantaged of meals.


#12. Canyon Mouse

Canyon Mice are principally nocturnal and energetic all year long.


They eat seeds, bugs, and vegetation like grasses and leaves. They like a dry local weather however might be present in many various habitats, from deserts beneath sea degree to mountain forests.

This species is solitary besides in the course of the mating season, and females are notably territorial as soon as they offer delivery to their younger. Subsequently, mating pairs don’t remain collectively as soon as the feminine conceives.


#13. Jap Deer Mouse

Jap Deer Mice are one of the vital widespread mice in the US.


Its numerous subspecies are unfold all around the nation. To determine, search for a small grey or brown mouse with giant black eyes, spherical ears, and white ft.


They will reproduce all year long, though they sometimes solely accomplish that within the hotter elements of their vary.


Though we usually consider mice as floor creatures, Jap Deer Mice favor to nest excessive up in hole timber. Their sharp claws enable them to climb to unbelievable heights!


Along with spending time in forests, this species can also be generally present in homes! They feed on meals scraps and crumbs and make nests in small areas. As a result of they’re so quite a few and widespread, they’re extremely onerous to do away with in case you have an infestation. 


#14. White-footed Deer Mouse

Like different mice in the US, this species is a vector, which implies it carries and spreads illness.


Many rodents can carry disease-causing pathogens with out getting sick, making them excellent carriers for these germs. For instance, hantavirus, which causes extreme illness in people, and the micro organism that trigger Lyme illness are transmitted by this mouse.

Though many individuals hold White-Footed Deer Mice as pets, there are in all probability extra those who reside with this species unwillingly! That’s as a result of this is likely one of the most definitely species to search out in your attic, storage, or basement. Despite the fact that they’ll unfold illness, contamination isn’t quite common in properties.

That is the species I’ve present in my home, and I exploit a reside lure and launch them in a area just a few miles away. Right here’s the one I exploit!

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#15. Cotton Mouse


You’re prone to discover Cotton Mice in quite a lot of habitats, together with forests, swamps, fields, and rocky bluffs. They’re omnivorous and opportunistic however favor seeds and bugs as their most important meals sources.


Cotton Mice earned their frequent title from utilizing uncooked cotton of their nests. Though they not often reside longer than a 12 months, this species has a singular expertise for surviving wildfires and predators! It usually spends time underground, the place it might keep protected against these threats.

Whereas wildfires will severely influence almost each different species in the US, the Cotton Mouse’s inhabitants can stay largely unaffected.


#16. Brush Mouse


The Brush Mouse’s title is becoming for 2 causes. First, its most popular habitat is brushy, forested areas with loads of hiding locations. Second, its tail is hairless apart from the tuft on the finish, which appears to be like like a paintbrush.


Brush Mice are nocturnal, like most mice in the US.

They spend their days in nests underneath rocks, fallen logs, or in timber. Apparently, the place particular person Brush Mice spend their time appears decided by their tail size. Longer-tailed people spend extra time climbing than shorter-tailed mice.


They primarily eat acorns however complement their food regimen with bugs, berries, and leaves. Foxes, birds of prey, and enormous rodents are their most important predators.


#17. Pinyon Mouse

In comparison with different mice in the US, the Pinyon Mouse’s ears are monumental for its physique!


This species is versatile with regards to habitat, starting from grasslands to mountain forests and even the desert. Nonetheless, you’ll most definitely see the Pinyon Mouse on rocky slopes.

Due to their diverse habitats, Pinyon Mice must be adaptable to many various climates. They modify their meals consumption based mostly on how a lot water is on the market of their space.


As an illustration, in a desert atmosphere, they’ll eat extra leafy vegetation and cactus elements for the water content material, however in a forested space with common rainfall, they might eat extra seeds and bugs.


#18. Fulvous Harvest Mouse

  • Reithrodontomys fulvescens


Mating pairs of Fulvous Harvest Mice will usually share a nest even when they aren’t actively elevating younger, which is uncommon for mice in the US. Search for them in grassy areas with open pine or mesquite woods. They construct their nests, made from tangled grasses, just a few inches off the bottom.

Exterior the nest, Fulvous Harvest Mice spend most of their time in low shrubs. They eat bugs and invertebrates and complement this food regimen with seeds throughout colder temperatures.


#19. Jap Harvest Mouse


Jap Harvest Mice are widespread in the US and plentiful in grassy fields and meadows. They’ve darkish brown fur, lighter fur on the stomach, and lightweight tan or white ft. They keep away from forested areas and as an alternative construct nests that they reside in all through their life.

Jap Harvest Mice have brief lifespans.

Females within the wild not often reside longer than a 12 months, and the oldest recorded particular person in a laboratory lived to 2 years and a pair of months.


#20. Western Harvest Mouse

  • Reithrodontomys megalotis


This nocturnal species is most energetic on notably darkish nights. Your finest probability to see one can be throughout the brand new moon after nightfall.


Not like different mice in the US, the Western Harvest Mouse is a strict herbivore and doesn’t sometimes eat bugs. As a substitute, it feeds totally on fruit, grasses, and seeds.


Western Harvest Mice will sometimes eat grasshoppers and caterpillars if these meals sources change into scarce. They nest on the bottom and spend most of their time there, solely not often venturing into shrubs or low timber in the hunt for meals.


#21. Plains Harvest Mouse


Search for Plains Harvest Mice in the US in open, grassy fields and grazed prairie. Though widespread, populations of this species are low and really unfold out, that means it may be troublesome to search out.

Plains Harvest Mice are nocturnal. They spend their night time’s foraging for small bugs and seeds and sleep in spherical nests made from grass in the course of the day. They breed all year long and don’t hibernate, which is frequent amongst rodents of their dimension.


#22. Northern Grasshopper Mouse

Not like different mice in the US, the Northern Grasshopper Mouse is carnivorous.


Remarkably, its food regimen is made up primarily of bugs, smaller mice, and even snakes. That’s one robust little rodent!


They create a number of burrows of their territory for various functions. First, the nest burrow is used for sleeping in the course of the day. The second sort of burrow, a cache burrow, is used as a pantry to retailer extra meals. Lastly, escape burrows present a option to shortly keep away from predators. These are the deepest burrows, about ten inches deep and angled 45 levels to maintain predators out.


Do you wish to study different MAMMALS in the US? Try this area information!

Which of those mice and rats have you ever seen earlier than in the US?


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